Invisible Bordeaux recently picked up a guide to south-western France published in 1925 to tie in with that year's Exposition Inter...

1925-vintage advertisements revisited


Invisible Bordeaux recently picked up a guide to south-western France published in 1925 to tie in with that year's Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes. The 350-page book comprised a number of advertisements which made me want to get out and about and see what could be made of them today. 

Starting out at the top of rue Sainte-Catherine, I was surprised to see that the jeweler's shop Mornier still exists although, as ever, the four-digit 1925 telephone number has probably been revised!

 
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The apparently massive Léveilley Frères furniture store on rue du Palais-Gallien is long gone. An office and apartment block has taken its place. 

 
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If this magnificent allées d'Orléans branch of the CCF (Crédit Commercial de France) looks unfamiliar, it is because a more modern building has taken its place. On the ground floor is a branch of HSBC; CCF was taken over by HSBC in 2000 and became HSBC France in 2005. The rue d'Orléans referred to in the ad was renamed rue Charles-Amoureux in 1929, a homage to the Bordeaux-born conductor who was the subject of a past Invisible Bordeaux article.

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Have you ever wondered who supplied wine to Sweden's King Gustav V? It was Chaigneau & Co. There are less barrels and horses on cours Martinique these days.
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With its 3 million readers, La Petite Gironde (which later evolved into Sud Ouest)  claimed it was the "most important, complete and widespread" provincial newspaper on the market. Its base was on rue de Cheverus and is now a luxury mansionhouse and reception venue: Hôtel de la Tresne.

 
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It would be quite an achievement these days to buy a van or tractor on cours de l'Intendance! The windows on the first and second floors were already bricked up in 1925. That was apparently a 19th-century method in order to pay less so-called "window tax".
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This was just one of two of Banque Française de l'Afrique's two provincial branches (the other was in Marseille). The building now comprises an Air France outlet although, from the outside, it looks like most of the office units are currently vacant. As for the fountain visible on the 1925 picture, much has already been written about this subject on Invisible Bordeaux!
 

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Invisible Bordeaux recently heard about a plan to reenact Operation Frankton, the heroic 1942 suicide raid which ranks as one of the most...

Frankton 75: the Cockleshell Hero’s grandsons reenacting Operation Frankton

Invisible Bordeaux recently heard about a plan to reenact Operation Frankton, the heroic 1942 suicide raid which ranks as one of the most incredible tales of Bordeaux’s dark wartime years (and which has already been featured on the blog): ten Royal Marines set out from the Atlantic, canoeing down the Gironde Estuary in order to plant mines on German cargo ships docked in central Bordeaux. Only two of the so-called Cockleshell Heroes, Herbert "Blondie" Hasler (1914-1987) and Bill Sparks (1922-2002), survived the mission; after escaping inland to Ruffec, near Angoulême, members of the French Résistance guided them across the Pyrenees and onto to Gibraltar, from where they departed for the UK.

What makes this project (codename Frankton 75 and scheduled for September 2017) stand out from other similar ventures is that it involves not just paddling down the Gironde Estuary, but also an overland trek to Ruffec, and that the crew includes Mike and Rich Heard, the grandsons of Bill Sparks. The extended team also includes their uncle Terry Sparks, Bills Sparks’s son. I caught up with Rich to get the full story.
Rich Heard.

What is the basic thinking behind this adventure?

We are following in the footsteps of our Grandad, Bill Sparks. It's been something of a dream for my brother Mike and me since we were kids, to reenact the mission and experience some of the sights and trials that the Marines faced. My brother turned 40 this year, so it seemed like as good an excuse as any to make it happen! My uncle Terry is joining us too, he was in the Marines for 25 years, following in his father's footsteps.

Who else is involved?

The six-strong team who are completing the paddle include me, Mike, Mike Hale (one of my best friends and our paddling “guru”), Juan Greyling (close friend of ours who is always up for a wacky endurance challenge!), Alun Davies (retired Police officer who has been working with me for the last 18 months) and Matt Lardner (soon to be retired Police officer, and ex-Marine - he's known of the raid since his days in the corps and he was thrilled to be invited along!).

Next stop: the Gironde Estuary (photo source: dorsetecho.co.uk)
When is the modern-day reenactment taking place? How long will it last?

The expedition will set out at 06.30 on Saturday 30th September 2017 from our launch location, Le Verdon-Sur-Mer. Our plans are to complete the paddle over three days, with the walk then taking a further four. This factors in a day as a buffer should we need it for either the paddle or the trek. Our aim is to have a little celebration at the cafe in Ruffec where Sparks and Hasler met the Resistance. We have contacted the charity that looks after the Frankton Trail and hope to have someone from Mary Lindell's family present; the Dubois family hid Hasler and Sparks, and then Mary Lindell helped them escape France. Any involvement from their lineage would be very welcomed!

Hasler and Sparks meeting up with Mary Lindell in more peaceful times.
Sparks (first left) and Hasler (first right) reunited with the Dubois family who took enormous risks to protect the two men.
How have you gone about preparing the adventure? Have you planned where you'll be stopping over?

We have been lucky in that Everyone Active (a national leisure centre company) have given us free access to their gyms so that we can prepare physically for the challenge. We have been busily trying to source two-man kayaks to train in and to use, and finally think we have three boats sorted! So we will book in some group training days as well as just getting out on the water as much as possible. Unfortunately we don't all live in one location which makes logistics a little fiddly!

In terms of the stops, my Uncle Terry is our navigator and planner, we are looking to confirm our exact stops over the next week or two. From my understanding there are actually very few places along the Gironde which you can safely get in and out of the water.

You also have a full-on support team following you.

The support team is getting pretty extensive, with people putting in a lot of time back at home to help with the fundraising efforts. My sister (Natalie Pitney) and mum (Gill Clark - daughter of Bill) have been sending letters to local businesses looking for support, as well as organising a raffle, etc.

For the actual trip, Terry will be our main man, he will be supporting us from the shore side along with my brother-in-law - Jim Pitney. Depending on our plans they will be setting up camp ready for us, or potentially ferrying us from pillar to post so we can paddle. Potentially we have a guy called Andy who is providing safety boat cover, but this is a way off of being confirmed. And when we get to the trek part of the trip we will potentially be joined by more friends and family.

Are you familiar with the region? What are you expecting to encounter along the way?

None of us have paddled the Gironde before, but we have been in contact with several people who have recently. We are aware of the tidal race especially at the mouth of the Gironde where the water meets the Atlantic, so we are thinking that the first leg of the paddle is going to be particularly difficult, with the current/tide pulling us in all directions. Also the Gironde is known for its bore wave… who doesn't love a 6-8ft wave appearing out of nowhere?!!

A team meeting in progress (source: frankton75th.co.uk).
Once we are into the paddle proper, the pace of the river is going to be our biggest concern, if we were to capsize, or to lose a bit of kit, it'll be away from us pretty quickly. Equally if we were to miss our stop point, it will be a longer paddle back against the current to try and get there.

From my understanding the tides change on a pretty sharp turnaround too, so we can go from having it behind us and helping us, to it being head on and slowing our paddle rate down. And then there's the wind, the uncontrollable unpredictable element which could change things massively!!

So we are preparing as best we can, once we have kayaks we will be hitting some slightly faster flows of water in order to get used to things. Plus we will all be drilled to a certain proficiency (hopefully).

Which part of the reenactment do you expect to be more challenging? The canoeing or the walking?

The paddling will definitely be the harder of the two, the raw power of the Gironde will mean we will need to keep our wits about us at every step. Plus the distances we will need to cover on a daily basis will make the physicality of it tough on all six of us.

The trek side of things is comparatively civilised, so fitness will be the main thing there. But the walk is going to be a challenge; covering 30+ miles over four consecutive days will certainly be hard wearing on our feet, however we plan to have a support van carrying the majority of our kit, who we will meet up with for breaks. My uncle has completed the walk on a couple of occasions, so this is certainly the more 'known' of the two areas.

Bill Sparks (second from left to rear of car) touring the US
to promote the Cockleshell Heroes movie.
Once Operation Frankton was in the past, what did your grandfather Bill Sparks do next?

After the raid he served in Burma, Africa and Italy. In 1946 he joined London Transport as a driver, taking a year's break in 1952 to work as a lieutenant in the Malayan police during the insurgency.

Three years later he was an adviser for the film Cockleshell Heroes with Mel Ferrer and Trevor Howard, and toured America to promote it. He also published The Last Of The Cockleshell Heroes (1992) and Cockleshell Commander (2002).

He finished his working life as a London Transport garage inspector. At 65, tax regulations cut his invalidity pension, forcing him to auction his many medals in order to keep his retirement home at Alfriston, East Sussex. The anonymous buyer allowed him to borrow them for veterans' parades.

He was passionate about preserving the memories of his fallen comrades, and spent a large portion of his life ensuring that they were well remembered as the heroes that they were.

Did he return to Bordeaux or develop any particular ties with the city?

As far as I am aware he returned to Bordeaux on several occasions, in 1966 to unveil a memorial at the English Church in Bordeaux, and then in 1983 to complete his own reenactment of the raid. I am sure there were countless other occasions too.

1966: Sparks (third right), Hasler (middle) and Mary Lindell unveiling a plaque at what was then St Nicholas Anglican church in Bordeaux (Cours Xavier-Arnozan). The plaque can now be seen at Centre Jean-Moulin.
Hasler and Sparks in Bordeaux in 1966.
Sparks during his own 1983 reenactment of the raid.
And you'll be raising money for charity along the way. Tell us more!

Eight years ago my father passed away after a very short battle with lung cancer (it was literally one month from diagnosis to his passing). For his final eight or so days he was cared for in a hospice locally. The Weldmar Hospicecare Trust operate in Dorset across a couple of sites, and provide the most amazing respite and end of life care imaginable, to families who are suffering.

I've been quoted as saying that the staff are like “angels on this earth” but that still doesn't seem to do them justice. The chef researched a “junket” pudding that my dad could remember from his infant days at school, then he went out and bought the ingredients and made it for him. Nothing was ever too much for the staff! Our aim is to raise £10,000 to support their ongoing needs as a trust... we just need a lot of support with this.

Finally, how can we monitor your progress?

I will be doing a couple of radio interviews with BBC Solent over the coming weeks, I'll post links to these on our social media. We will be blogging regularly via the website and updating social media as we go. We are contactable via all of these means and would encourage people to get in touch. We would especially like to hear from any descendants or locals who had some interaction with the marines either during the war or in the subsequent years after.

> Website: www.frankton75th.co.uk
> Facebook: www.facebook.com/frankton75footsteps 
> Instagram: @Frankton75revisited
> Twitter: @frankton75th
> Justgiving page: www.justgiving.com/Frankton75inthefootstepsofourgrandfather

Archive photos from Frankton 75 social media feeds. Lead photo: detail from commemorative plaque in Le Verdon-sur-Mer.

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One of the most-read items on Invisible Bordeaux is the overview of the remarkable Cité Frugès estate in Pessac , where influential arch...

Lotissement de Lège: Le Corbusier’s housing legacy in Lège-Cap-Ferret


One of the most-read items on Invisible Bordeaux is the overview of the remarkable Cité Frugès estate in Pessac, where influential architect Le Corbusier was encouraged by local sugar magnate Henry Frugès to roll out his grand designs for cheap, modular housing. The 1926 Pessac development has become a renowned sight in the area, promoted by the local council and recently listed as UNESCO world heritage. And yet, prior to the Pessac estate taking shape, a similar but far smaller and lesser-known scheme by the Frugès/Le Corbusier double-act was rolled out in Lège-Cap-Ferret, which is where we are today.

The story goes that, in 1923, the 44-year-old Henry Frugès was already a wealthy man, thanks notably to the sugar refinery business he headed up in Bordeaux. With a view to optimizing his business model, he had also taken over a sawmill in Lège, to the northern tip of the triangular Arcachon Bay. This is where he planned to manufacture the wooden crates and casing used to package his company’s sugar production. In addition to being a successful industry player, Frugès was a great lover of architecture and a philanthropist. So, in a move that was set to combine all of the above, he called on the up-and-coming architect Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, who went by the name Le Corbusier, to design homes for sawmill workers on a plot of land that lay across the road from their workplace (where a fire station is now located).

Part of the small estate and its focal point: a pelote basque court, which was sadly not in use the day I was there. 
Le Corbusier teamed up with his cousin, fellow architect Pierre Jeanneret, and conceived the tiny estate, made up of six small houses, a larger communal residence, and a central square which doubled up as a pelote basque court. The building process, which began in October 1924, involved installing prefabricated units around a basic backbone made up of concrete pillars and beams, the walls being “built” using a cement gun to project the cement onto steel formwork structures. The estate was completed the following year and, in essence, became the blueprint for the more ambitious Pessac project.

The smaller units were built to two designs: three were the rectangular-shaped “Type A”, with ground-floor covered patio areas and upper-floor pergola-covered terraces; the other three were the more cubic, no-frills “Type B” houses. Distinguishing features included wide, horizontal windows (also used in Pessac), along with narrow slit windows. A ground-floor fireplace was used to heat the homes, which initially did not have toilet and bathroom facilities (running water only became available here in the 1970s, until then the only source of water was through use of a hand pump by the central square). The larger communal building, referred to both as “l’hôtellerie-cantine” and “la maison des célibataires” (home for single people), comprised a kitchen and refectory on the ground floor, and male and female dormitories on the upper level (able to accommodate 15 men and eight women).
In behind the hedges: a Type A design.
A cube-like Type B design.
The communal unit.
Henry Frugès’s dream proved to be short-lived though. His sugar refinery business didn’t make it through the financial crash of 1929 (he had to sell on to Béghin-Say) and the sawmill was taken over by a Landais family, Darbo, who already owned a sawmill further south. Employees of the new company moved  into the small estate, which by now had become known locally as “le quartier marocain” (the Moroccan neighbourhood) because of the unusual first-floor terraces. Over the ensuing years, subsequent tenants successively tweaked and modified the houses, until they were pale imitations of their original selves. The estate gradually fell into a state of disrepair, so much so that the local council seriously envisaged carrying out full-on demolition work towards the end of the 1980s. A renowned local architect and Le Corbusier enthusiast, Michel Sadirac, was alerted to the issue by a Japanese visitor and stepped in, triggering a process that saw the estate listed as historic heritage in 1990.

Distinguishing features: wide horizontal openings.
Slit windows.
Three years later, the social housing structure Office HLM 33 (now Gironde Habitat) acquired the properties (which, apparently, still belonged to the Darbo family) and went about restoring the estate’s six houses (but not the communal building) between 1994 and 1997 (a couple of interesting photos from that period can be found here). In 1998, things came full circle as the good-as-new homes were rented out once again to low-income tenants, the estate now going by the name of “Résidence Le Corbusier”. And that is the way things remain today.

The one outstanding question mark hangs over the communal building which, for more than 20 years now has been completely bricked up to prevent the inside being tampered with. The structure now belongs to the town of Lège-Cap-Ferret, and studies are ongoing as to how the building might be used in the future. It could become a cultural meeting point, a music centre or a museum. But progress is slow; options have been on the table since 2015 and obstacles to be overcome include funding, not to mention the issue of noise and parking if this quiet cul-de-sac were to become a hive of activity. The case continues…

Awaiting rebirth? The bricked-up maison des célibataires from another angle.
Meanwhile, visiting the tiny estate is an interesting experience: you can easily sense the philosophy of the original concept of an area for communal living. Today, though, it has become a quiet side-street and the small gardens are hemmed in by tall bushes in a manner which is far-removed from the open-plan atmosphere that must have initially reigned. The strangest sight is the pelote basque court, where you wonder how often people actually congregated to play pelote here. The space now appears to be the territory of cats. One comes up and befriends me before posing for the camera. I feel as if I’ve captured an unusual sight, framing my feline model with a Le Corbusier home in the background, until back home I check out the associated Wikipedia page and spot the same cat on a photo there too!

"You may remember me from Wikipedia...". Our celebrity cat gets the Instagram filter treatment.
Still, as one of the more discreet achievements in the high-profile legacy of Le Corbusier, the Lotissement de Lège or, if you will, the Moroccan quarter or even Résidence Le Corbusier, is an interesting place to explore, and is a far cry from the ocean beaches and oyster farming villages more usually associated with Cap Ferret...

> Find it on the Invisible Bordeaux map: Lotissement de Lège, avenue du Médoc, Lège-Cap-Ferret.

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As loyal readers know, Invisible Bordeaux has always been about getting beyond the classic postcard-friendly sights of the city to un...

New video: ten unusual sights in Bordeaux

As loyal readers know, Invisible Bordeaux has always been about getting beyond the classic postcard-friendly sights of the city to uncover some of the more unusual places and stories across Bordeaux. I thought there might be a video concept in there somewhere, so here it is: the Invisible Bordeaux guide to ten of the city's most surprising sights! 

Most, though not all, of the subjects have already been featured on the blog, and usually in greater depth than in this video. But before you go hunting for the related articles, sit back and let Youtube do all the hard work for the next three minutes!

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One of the things they don’t tell you about living in France is that when December comes round, the doorbell regularly rings and you com...

Learning about la Gironde from the 'Almanach du Facteur'


One of the things they don’t tell you about living in France is that when December comes round, the doorbell regularly rings and you come face-to-face with a waste collector, someone from the emergency services or the person who delivers your snail mail. You then hand over a few euros in exchange for a calendar – for they all sell calendars – so that they can buy themselves an end-of-year drink or two, and you can rest safe in the knowledge that if and when your house catches fire, you will be registered as one of the good people who bought a calendar and will receive priority treatment. 

While most calendars are simple two-sided affairs, La Poste's “almanach”, as sold by the facteur or factrice, is a bit more substantial, and provides quite a bit of useful information about the surrounding département. The practice of the postal services providing the annual document dates back to 1855 and the Musée de la Poste in Paris has more than 6,000 different editions stored in its archives. Today, around 15 million almanacs are produced each year and, it must be said, they are peculiar beasts. 

The July-December canine pinup,
the Continental Toy Spaniel.
Perusing a Gironde edition of the 2017 almanac, I’m trying to get to grips with the bizarre mix of benchmark national and international information, local content (facts, figures and maps), gardening tips, and the prominent pictures of dogs on each cover: the front features a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, while the back shows a Continental Toy Spaniel (or "Papillon", as pictured right). It might be noted that other covers with alternative animals, landscapes or urban scenes are also available; when the postman or woman comes to sell you the following year’s almanac, you are expected to take a few seconds to pick out the least ugly option available. 

Then comes a succession of random information, some of which is a good way of forgetting France is a secular country: the current year and the associated saints’ days appears twice, the following year’s list is also included, and in case you still can’t find the saint you’re looking for, there is also an alphabetical list of names and their associated feast days. There is a full list of wedding anniversary names, from cotton for one year, to oak for 80 years together. Similarly, there is a whole section about the language of flowers, i.e. what it really means when you offer someone a bouquet of lilacs (friendship) or rhododendrons (elegance).
Gardening tips, culture, saints and anniversaries. It's all a bit random.
But what I’ve really come looking for is the local information setting this Gironde edition apart from those available elsewhere in France. So here are a few things I learnt by reading the almanac: 

• There are 542 “communes” (municipalities) in Gironde which, for administrative/electoral purposes, are grouped into 33 cantons, which in turn form six arrondissements.
• Gironde’s six arrondissements are Arcachon, Blaye, Bordeaux, Langon, Lesparre-Médoc and Libourne.
• Gironde’s population currently stands at 1,505,517.

Just some of Gironde's 542 communes.
• The département covers a surface area of 10,000km². (That reads like a suspiciously round number though; Wikipedia has it down as 10,725km². Either way, Gironde is France’s biggest mainland département.)
• Bordeaux is Gironde’s most populous commune: 243,626 inhabitants.
• There are some seriously tiny municipalities. The five smallest are all located to the east of the département: Saint-Antoine-du-Queyrat (population: 74), Saint-Hilaire-du-Bois (73), Boussugan (53) and Castelmoron-d'Albret (52), while the winner is Lartigue (which just 46 people call home).
• In Castillon-la-Bataille, market day is every Monday (this information is included for every municipality).
High tides, low tides.
• Festivities are held in Margaux every year on the second Sunday in May (likewise, each municipality’s annual “fête” is listed).
• At the Pointe de Grave, i.e. the northern tip of the département, on November 1st of this year, look out for high tides at 02:45 and 15:00, while the tide will be at its lowest at 08:34 and 20:58. For, indeed, the full-year tide timetable is included; that information, compiled on the basis of data drawn up by SHOM (Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine) is genuinely useful. But while that is obviously tailored to a Girondin readership, the sunrise and sunset data on one of the next pages is for Paris.
• Of all the town maps that are included, the most surprising is possibly Sainte-Foy-la-Grande and its planned-town grid street system, which make it look more like a US city than a French town with a history that dates back to 1255.
• And finally, thinking back to the four corners road trip that took Invisible Bordeaux and Bordeaux 2066 to the northern, eastern, southern and western tips of la Gironde over the course of a day, it was a bit disheartening to see that there wasn’t quite enough room on the map of the full département for Saint-Avit-Saint-Nazaire, Gironde's easternmost point.

New York? San Francisco? No, it's Sainte-Foy-la-Grande and its downtown grid road system. And, to the right, proof that Saint-Avit-Saint-Nazaire is just a touch too far to the east to make it onto the map (technically it's there, but there's not enough room for the name and Gironde's easternmost point is not included).
So, a peculiar beast the almanac most definitely is. It does seem to be an eminently collectible publication but, judging by the prices of old editions being sold online, they’re not especially desirable. Will the Almanach du Facteur one day be a thing of the past? Well, I for one hope not because the world will surely always need calendars with photos of dogs.

> Ce dossier est également disponible en français !

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Other than the occasional instance of the Garonne river breaking its banks and spilling over onto the quayside promenades, Bordeaux i...

Inside one of the detention basins that protect Bordeaux from flooding


Other than the occasional instance of the Garonne river breaking its banks and spilling over onto the quayside promenades, Bordeaux is not subject to flooding these days. But it has not always been that way. The flat, low-lying city is encircled and crisscrossed by a rich network of streams which in the past, when swollen by heavy rainfall, regularly led to flooded streets. Something had to be done!

The events that eventually triggered the deployment of a massive city-wide flood protection system can be traced back to late May and early June 1982. Violent storms struck Bordeaux and the western suburbs of Saint-Médard-en-Jalles, Le Haillan, Mérignac, Caudéran, Le Bouscat and Bruges. With rainfall exceeding 40 millimetres per hour, before too long water was flowing through city-centre streets, rising to a level of 1 metre in places; rescue services had to use boats to get around. More than 1,500 homes were affected by the floods and many families had lost virtually everything they had by the time the water subsided three days later. Bordeaux was not exactly the happiest place to be.

The aftermath of the 1982 storms on rue Chevalier in central Bordeaux, as originally reported by Sud Ouest and featured in the excellent Le Festin/a'urba book "De la ville à la métropole, 40 ans d'urbanisme à Bordeaux". And the same, drier, views today.
Over the ensuing 35 years, around 600 million euros have therefore been ploughed into an extensive system to make sure this never happens again. The setup comprises around 2,000 kilometres’ worth of tunnels and pipes, 130 pump stations, 50 rain gauges positioned in and around the city and, since 1992, a modern rainwater monitoring and control centre in central Bordeaux which goes by the name of “RAMSES” (which stands for [takes a deep breath] Régulation de l'Assainissement par Mesures et Supervision des Équipements et Stations).

But perhaps the most tangible and result of this strategy has been the development of around 80 detention basins, which can be used to store up to 2.6 million cubic metres of water. An information leaflet I recently received noted that as being the equivalent of 1,300 Olympic swimming pools. That’s a lot of liquid. Some of those storage facilities are located underground, particularly those close to the city centre. Many, though, are very much visible at ground level, like the one I’ve come to today alongside the Rocade ringroad in Eysines: “le Bassin Lamothe-Lescure”.


A handy information panel by the entrance gives some basic facts: the basin, which has been operational since 1985, covers an area of 2.3 hectares and can store up to 22,000 cubic metres of rainwater collected from the streets of Eysines. The water level here can potentially rise to a depth of 2.5 metres. The facility is managed by SGAC (which, somewhat illogically, stands for Société de Gestion de l'Assainissement de Bordeaux Métropole*), a subsidiary of Suez Environnement, the private company which handles water supply and management in the area.

The system itself is straightforward. Over to one corner of the dry basin, a concrete structure marks the point where two pipes converge, carrying the aforementioned rainwater collected from Eysines. That water then naturally flows on into a third pipe which, ultimately, will deliver that water across Bordeaux and into the Garonne river. However, when staff at the RAMSES control centre sense there is too much incoming water, the outgoing pipe is closed and the water is naturally redirected into the basin, where it will collect until it is safe for the pipe to be reopened and the water released back on its way towards the Garonne.

The inner mechanisms: bottom left and centre, incoming rainwater. To the right, a mechanical door that can be closed off, trapping the water which then spills over into the retention basin via the opening pictured top left. 
So how often do these situations occur? RAMSES teams record between 10 and 15 high-alert incidents per year. One extreme case study dates from 2013. On Friday July 26th of that year, flash storms, comparable in strength to those of 1982, hit the area and the control centre switched into crisis mode, their task hindered by the Garonne being at high tide. But Sud Ouest wrote that, other than a few waterlogged basements, no major damage was reported. Without today’s monitoring and defence system, there is every likelihood that the people of Bordeaux would have once again witnessed boats navigating the city’s streets as part of emergency rescue operations. But thanks to RAMSES and its network of detention basins, all that excess water is very much under control and the only boats you’ll see in the city centre are afloat on the river Garonne. Hooray.  

> Find it on the Invisible Bordeaux map: Bassin Lamothe-Lescure, avenue du Taillan, Eysines.
> The RAMSES visitor centre can be viewed upon reservation Monday-Friday all year round, and the control centre itself is usually open to the general public over the annual European heritage days weekend in September. 
> Ce dossier est également disponible en français !

* The "C" of SGAC probably originally referred to CUB or Communauté Urbaine de Bordeaux, the previous denomination of Bordeaux Métropole.

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Ever since it launched in 2011, one of the recurring themes on the Invisible Bordeaux has been so-called ghost signs, those old handpain...

A fresh set of Bordeaux ghost signs!


Ever since it launched in 2011, one of the recurring themes on the Invisible Bordeaux has been so-called ghost signs, those old handpainted names, messages or advertisements that have faded over time, but are still clinging in there, silently embellishing walls and façades.

Bordeaux appears to boast an endless supply of these charming oddities, and here is an all-new selection of finds throughout the city. Enjoy! 

This first picture, taken on rue Jacques-Nancy, shows a wallpainted sign that, from what I can make out, used to be point to the left towards a "Succursale Citroën", i.e. a garage. Unusually, it looks like the company responsible for producing the sign, "---ir Publicité", was quite happy to take up almost as much wall space as the name of its client!

The picture above was taken on cours Aristide-Briand. Entreprise Genriès clearly had a thing about all types of ladder (échelles tous genres) and was obviously specialised in carpentry and building services (menuiserie, bâtiment).

This mysterious warehouse is located bang in the city centre, albeit in a quiet side-street, rue Arnaud-Miqueu. A bit of googling suggests that Compagnie Française is still very much a going concern, and is defined here and there as a "retail business" with some sources suggest it specialises in gentlemen's clothing. To be confirmed?

There's a lot going on here at this old greengrocer's (fruits & primeurs) on rue Sanche de Pomiers, with several layers of messages to decipher. The right-hand side is easier to read with its promises of "oranges, citrons, fruits secs" (oranges, lemons, dried fruit) but the most legible part over to the left is the five-digit telephone number: 82 213.

Robert d'Isle enables us to progress to a six-digit number: 48 27 17. This outlet on rue des Trois-Chandeliers promised "entretien, location, réparations" (maintenance, rental, repairs), but in what line of business?

This old sign on rue Chauffour isn't so ghostly. For a start it appears to have possibly been given the occasional new coat of paint. And secondly, the establishment was founded "just" 31 years ago, in 1986 (by which time telephone numbers ran to eight digits). Owner Hervé Valverde, whose initials float towards the top of each glass of wine, appears to be a bit of a character, judging by the Sud Ouest piece available online here. Oh, and the telephone number remains the same to this day, with the straightforward addition of a modern-day "05" prefix.

Staying on rue Chauffour, this advert for Frigéco, the brand of refrigerators associated with French home appliances giant Thomson, even features a detailed picture of a well-stocked fridge. And, to the left, a happy figure (or possibly a snowman, it's difficult to tell) can be seen pointing to the shelves of fresh produce. The local "distributeur exclusif" is advertised towards the bottom of the wall, but serious detective work is needed to work out what it says!   

R. Leroyer operated out of rue du Hamel, but what services did he or she provide? Despite the lack of information, the sign deserves a feature here because of the elegantly-shaped letters and nifty shading used by the signwriter.

Rue du Serpolet is where you will find these traces of a bedding and upholstery business, the sign of which now combines nicely with the bunting on the first-floor balcony!

Garage de Ségur once operated on rue Ségur, catering for all your automobile-related repair, mechanical, sheet metal and painting needs (réparations, mécanique, tôlerie, peinture).

> All of these finds have been added to the dedicated Bordeaux ghost signs and shopfronts Googlemap!
> View past ghost sign features: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Cours Gallieni, Traders of the past.
> Ce dossier est également disponible en français !

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